The Northwest Territories were divide into two territories on April 1, 1999. Allowing for the foundation of Nunavut culture, an Inuit homeland in Canada. The establishment of Nunavut is evidence of both the adaptability of Canadian political.
Inuit leaders have been working hard to get ready for this occasion for the past six years. The real job now starts. Although Nunavut has historically had a large region and a sparse population, the Inuit have lived there for at least 4,000 years. The Inuit were originally whale hunters, but about 500 years ago they switched to seal and caribou hunting. The finest venue to learn more about Inuit culture is at the Nunatta Sunaqutangit Museum (Building 212, Iqaluit), especially on days when local elders offer personal accounts.
Geographically, the new territory of Nunavut is vast and has a distinctive mix of ecosystems and landforms. The entire region is arctic terrain, which implies that it is all north of the treeline.
The peculiar culture, history, and politics of Nunavut’s Inuit majority serve as the finest metaphor for the territory.
The word for people in the Inuktitut language is inuit. Person in Inuk. They were referred to as “Eskimos” for a significant portion of recent history. Inuit have benefited from their intellectual culture and ideals just as much in the contemporary world. As they have from their outstanding parts of their material culture.
The Inuit language, Inuktitut, has survived thanks in part to a deliberate policy of Inuit leaders, and the Inuit visual arts have given powerful expressive means for the transfer of Inuit culture.
The Arctic has a rich and complicated history. Even though the majority of historians have concentrated on explorers and expeditions, cultural contact in the Arctic and Inuit reactions to colonialism are interesting issues that will continue to garner growing scholarly and public attention. Although whaling in the nineteenth century had some local effects, until the fox and seal fur trades of the twentieth century, Inuit economic life largely followed its native pattern.
As a result, there were Inuit Canadians who had little to no contact with outsiders as late as the 1950s. For many Inuit, the phenomenon of the 1950s and 1960s was the permanent settling into villages. Finding a way out of the economic reliance that has evolved into the most crippling legacy of colonial ties will be one of the main challenges facing the leaders of Nunavut. Many of those leaders were created “on the land” in what is essentially a different planet.
It wasn’t until 1921 that a newly formed council. It made up of civil workers stationed in Ottawa. Started actively managing the Arctic and establishing the yearly eastern Arctic ship patrols that supplied supplies and services to coastal settlements.
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The first Inuk to be appointed to the territory council was Abraham Okpik in 1965. The council increased to seven elected members in 1966, with Simonie Michael becoming the first Inuk to win election.
Inuit were actively involved in the territory council’s operations as it gradually transformed into an elected, representative body. Early in the 1970s, Inuit in the Northwest Territories. An organisation with a broad purpose to uphold Inuit culture and advance Inuit interests. The ITC was the national voice for Inuit by the 1980s.
The ITC had long-standing aspirations for Nunavut. It first formally proposed the idea in 1976 with its first land claim. The intricacies surrounding the division issue.
The Inuktitut word Nunavut means “our land.” Inuit have not shown any interest in having their own institutions of government. The Arctic to advocate for greater power for their public governments as a means of achieving their political goals. With the help of their sizable majority. They will be able to elect enough Inuit representatives to take control of Nunavut’s government.
The 1993 Nunavut Land Settlement Agreement. which laid out the division of the Northwest Territories in one section.It was partially responsible for the founding of Nunavut. The Nunavut Tungavik Incorporated. Which has a sizable capital base and owns significant land. This is now in charge of managing the land claim. It will play a significant role in representing the Inuit interests in Nunavut.
The Nunavut Implementation Commission, an organisation, recommended creating the Nunavut government.
The Inuit community has been working furiously over the past six years to put the people and material infrastructure required by the new government in place by the deadline of April 1, 1999. By the conclusion of that period, it will resemble a province, much like the N.W.T. is now. The official tongue of the newly created territory is Inuktitut.
The settlements on and around Baffin Island, the Kitikmeot communities on the coast and islands of the central Arctic, and the Kivilik communities are the three primary regions in Nunavut.
For better or worse, the value of purportedly “authentic” aboriginal culture. The goods it can create will only rise over the coming century. The likelihood of Nunavut’s success may ultimately.